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Volvo Owners Group

The Volvo ÖV 4 left the factory on 14 April, 1927, which became the official date for the founding of Volvo. Volvo is currently owned by Ford.

Website: http://www.vovlo.com
Members: 10
Latest Activity: Nov 11, 2008

Volvo - Overview & History

The Volvo Group is a Swedish supplier of commercial vehicles such as trucks, buses and construction equipment, drive systems for marine and industrial applications, aerospace components and financial services. The auto manufacturer was founded on April 14, 1927 in the city of Gothenburg, as a spin-off from the roller ball bearing maker SKF. Volvo delisted from NASDAQ in June, 2007, but remains listed on the Stockholm exchange.

Volvo means "I roll" in Latin (or "I drive" in modern-day English, appropriate for cars as well as bearings), conjugated from "volvere" (cp the ball bearing producer SKF). The name Volvo was originally registered in May 1911 as a separate company within SKF AB and as a registered trademark with the intention to be used for a special series of ball bearing, but this idea was only used for a short period of time and SKF decided to use "SKF" as the trademark for all its bearing products.

The company AB Volvo had no activities until 10 August, 1926 when the SKF Sales Manager Assar Gabrielsson and Engineer Gustav Larson, after one year of preparations involving the production of ten prototypes, set up the car-manufacturing business Volvo AB within SKF group. Volvo AB was introduced at the Stockholm stock exchange in 1935 and SKF then decided to sell its shares in the company.

The first series produced Volvo automobile, the Volvo ÖV 4, left the factory on 14 April, 1927 which became the official date for the founding of Volvo.

In 1999 Volvo sold its car division to Ford. Repeated reports in the media about Ford selling off its Volvo brand have been refuted by the company.

History
Volvo company came about in Gothenburg, Sweden in the year 1927. The company was founded by SKF as a subsidiary company 100% owned by SKF. Assar Gabrielsson was appointed the managing director and Gustav Larson as the technical manager.

"Cars are driven by people. The guiding principle behind everything we make at Volvo, therefore, is and must remain, safety", Assar Gabrielsson and Gustav Larson 1927.

The trademark Volvo was first registered by SKF the 11th May 1915 with the intention to use it for a special series of ball bearing for the American market, but it was never used for this purpose. SKF trademark as it looks today was used instead for all the SKF-products. Some pre-series of Volvo-bearings stamped with the brand name 'Volvo' were manufactured but was never released to the market and it was not until 1927 that the trademark was used again, now as a trademark and company name for an automobile. The first Volvo car left the assembly line April 14, 1927 was called Volvo ÖV 4. After this the young company produced closed top and cabriolet vehicles, which were designed to hold strong in the Swedish climate and terrain. The Volvo symbol is an ancient chemistry sign for iron. The iron sign is used to symbolize the strength of iron used in the car as Sweden is known for its quality iron. The diagonal line (a strip of metal) across the grille came about to hold the actual symbol, a circle with an arrow, in front of the radiator. In the registration application for Volvo logotype in 1927, they simply made a copy of the entire radiator for ÖV4, viewed from the front.

In 1964 Volvo opened its Torslanda plant in Sweden, which currently is the one of its largest production sites (chiefly large cars and SUV). Then in 1965 the Ghent, Belgium plant was opened, which is the company's second largest production site (chiefly small cars). Finally in 1989 the Uddevalla plant in Sweden was opened, which is now jointly operated by Volvo Car Corporation and Pininfarina of Italy.

A collection of Volvo's most important historical vehicles are now housed a The Volvo Museum, which opened in a permanent location in Arendal at Hisingen on May 30, 1995. For several years, the collection had been housed at "The Blue Hangar," at the then closed Torslanda Airport.

Safety
Volvo cars have always evoked a reputation for solidity and reliability.
In 1944, laminated glass was introduced in the PV model. In 1958, Volvo engineer Nils Bohlin invented and patented the modern 3-Point Safety Belt, which became standard on all Volvo cars in 1959. Volvo was the first company to produce cars with padded dashboards starting in late 1956 with their Amazon model.[citation needed] Additionally, Volvo developed the first rear-facing child seat in 1964 and introduced its own booster seat in 1978.

In 1986, Volvo introduced the first central high-mounted stoplight (a brake light not shared with the rear tail lights), which became federally mandated in the United States in the 1986 model year. Seat belt and child seat innovation continued as shown in the 1991 960. The 960 introduced the first three-point seat belt for the middle of the rear seat and a child safety cushion integrated in the middle armrest. Also in 1991 came the introduction of the Side Impact Protection System (SIPS) on the 940/960 and 850 models, which channeled the force of a side impact away from the doors and into the safety cage.

To add to its SIPS in 1995 Volvo was the first to introduce side airbags and installed them as standard equipment in all models in 1995. In 1998 Volvo also developed and was the first to install a head protecting airbag,[citation needed] which was made standard in all new models as well as some existing models. The head-protecting airbag was not available on the 1996 C70 due to the initial design deploying the airbag from the roof; the C70, being a convertible, could not accommodate such an airbag. Later years of the C70 featured a head-protecting airbag deploying upwards from the door, negating the issue of roof position. It has been stated by many testing authorities that side head protecting curtain airbags can reduce risk of death in a side impact by up to 40% and brain injury by up to 55%, as well as protecting in a rollover situation.

In 1998, Volvo introduced its Whiplash Protection System (WHIPS), a safety device to prevent injury of front seat users during collisions. In 2004, Volvo introduced the BLIS system, which detects vehicles entering the Volvo's blind spot with a side view mirror mounted sensor and alerts the driver with a light. That year also saw Volvos sold in all markets equipped with side-marker lights and daytime-running lights (the latter having already been available in many markets for some time). Much of Volvo's safety technology now also goes into other Ford vehicles. In 2005 Volvo presented the second generation of Volvo C70, it comes with extra stiff door-mounted inflatable side curtains (the first of its kind in a convertible).

In 2006 Volvo's Personal Car Communicator (PCC) remote control has been launched as an optional feature with the all new Volvo S80. This feature is fairly new to the automotive industry. Before a driver gets to their car, they are able to review the security level and know whether they have set the alarm and if the car is locked.[citation needed] Additionally, a heartbeat sensor warns if someone is hiding inside the car. The heartbeat sensor is rumored to also work with the SOS feature of Volvo's new telematics system.[citation needed] The all new Volvo S80 is also the first Volvo model to feature Adaptive cruise control (ACC) with Collision Warning and Brake Support (CWBS).

By the mid-1990s there was little to distinguish Volvo from some other manufacturers (notably Renault) on safety when put through standardized tests such as Euro NCAP. A 2005 FOLKSAM report puts the 740/940 (from 1982 on) in the 15% better than average category, the second from the top category. Also, the production of P1800 had to be stopped because it did not fulfill US safety standards. The Volvo 745 was also recalled due to that the front seatbelts mounts could break in a collision.

Since 2004 all Volvo models except for the C70 and C30 are available with an all wheel drive system developed by Haldex Traction of Sweden.

Even although Volvo Car Corp is owned by the Ford Motor Company, the safety systems of Volvo are still made standard on all of their vehicles. Volvo has patented all of their safety innovations that would include SIPS, WHIPS, ROPS, DSTC, IC, and body structures to name a few. Some of these systems have shown up in other Ford vehicles in related forms to that of Volvo systems only because Volvo has licenced the FOMOCO and other PAG members to utilize these features.

Safety reputation under question
According to Russ Rader, a spokesman for the American non-profit, non-governmental Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Volvo is lagging behind its competitors. Dan Johnston, a Volvo spokesman, denied that the company's vehicles are any less safe than the Institute's top-rated vehicles, adding that

"It's just a philosophy on safety that is different from building cars to pass these kinds of tests.

According to the IIHS, in recent years Volvo Cars have still managed to maintain their high class safety ratings as seen in test results. The Volvo XC90, S80 and C70 all score top scores in these rated crash tests.

In 2008 a French court found Volvo guilty of causing the death of two children and serious injuries of one in Wasselonne on June 17, 1999, when the brakes of a 1996 Volvo 850 failed. The court found Volvo partially responsible for the accident, and sentenced Volvo to a 200,000 Euro fine.

Safety milestones
The Amazon was noted for its safety features, with a padded dashboard, front and rear seat belts and a laminated windscreen.
1944 Laminated windscreen
1954 Defroster vents for windscreen
1956 Windscreen washers
1957 Anchor points for 2–point safety belts front
1958 Anchor points for 2–point safety belts rear
1959 3–point front safety belts standard
1960 Padded instrument panel
1964 Disc brakes front
1964 First rearward–facing child safety seat prototype tested
1966 Rear windscreen defroster
1966 Dual split triangular braking system
1966 Crumple zones front and rear
1966 Safety door–locks
1967 Safety belt rear seats
1968 Head restraints front
1969 Inertia reel safety belts
1969 Heated rear windscreen
1971 Reminder safety belt
1972 3–point safety belts – rear
1972 Rearward–facing child safety seat
1972 Childproof locks on rear doors
1972 Warning lights (hazard)
1973 Side collision protection
1973 Collapsible steering wheel
1974 Energy absorbing bumpers
1974 Safe location of fuel tank
1974 Multistage impact absorbing steering column
1974 Bulb integrity sensor
1974 Headlight wiper/washer
1975 Day running lamps
1975 Braking system with stepped bore master cylinder
1978 Child safety booster cushion
1982 "Anti–submarining" protection
1982 Fog lamps front
1982 Fog lamps rear
1982 Warning lights in opened door
1982 Wide angle rear view mirror
1986 Three–point safety belt centre rear seat
1987 Mechanical safety belt pre–tensioner
1987 Airbag – driver
1990 Integrated child safety cushion in centre rear seat
1991 SIPS – Side Impact Protection System
1991 Automatic height adjusting safety belt
1992 Reinforced rear seats in estate models
1992 Passenger airbag front
1993 Three–point inertia–reel safety belts – all rear positions
1994 SIPS–bag, side airbag
1995 DSA – Dynamic Stability Assistance
1995 Integrated child safety cushion outer rear seats
1997 ROPS – Roll Over Protection System (C70)
1998 WHIPS – Whiplash Protection System
1998 IC – Inflatable Curtain
1998 STC – Stability and Traction Control
1998 DSTC – Dynamic Stability and Traction Control
1998 EBD – Electronic Brake Distribution
2000 ISOFIX anchorages with rearward–facing child safety seat
2000 Dual Stage Airbag
2001 SCC – Volvo Safety Concept Car
2002 RSC – Roll Stability Control
2002 ROPS – Roll Over Protection System (XC90)
2002 New integrated child seat 2nd row (XC90)
2002 Lower Cross Member (XC90)
2002 New compatible front design (XC90)
2002 Safe 3rd row seats (XC90)
2002 New Front Structure (XC90)
2003 New Front Structure called Volvo Intelligent Vehicle Architecture (VIVA) (S40, V50)
2003 Rear seat belt reminders (in S40 and V50)
2003 IDIS – Intelligent Driver Information System (in S40 and V50)
2003 Inauguration of Volvo's Traffic Accident Research Team in Bangkok
2004 BLIS – Blind Spot Information System (in S40 and V50)
2004 Water repellent glass WRG
2005 Introduction of DMIC (Door Mounted Inflatable Curtain) (new Volvo C70)
2006 PCC - Personal Car Communicator (S80)
2006 CWBS - Collision Warning with Brake Support (S80)
2006 ABL - Active Bixenon Lights (S80)
2007 ACC - Adaptive Cruise Control (S80)
2007 PPB - Power Park Brake (S80)
2007 HDC - Hill Descent Control (XC70 and future XC)
2007 EBL - Emergency Brake Light (Premier on S40 and V50, standard on all after)
2007 DAC - Driver Alert Control (V70, XC70)
2007 LDW - Lane Departure Warning System

Acquisitions
In the early 1970s, Volvo acquired the passenger car division of the Dutch company DAF, and marketed their small cars as Volvos before releasing the Dutch-built Volvo 340, which went on to be one of the biggest-selling cars in the UK market in the 1980s.

Volvo Group, as one of the largest manufacturers of commercial vehicles in the world, took the initiative to sell its automobile manufacturing in 1998 in order to fully focus its efforts on the market for commercial vehicles.

Ford, on the other hand, saw advantages in acquiring a profitable prestige mid-size European automobile manufacturer, well renowned for its safety aspects, as an addition to its Premier Automotive Group. The buyout of Volvo Cars was announced on January 28, 1998, and in the following year the acquisition was completed at a price of $6.45 billion USD.

As a result of the divestiture, the Volvo trademark is now utilized by two separate companies:

Volvo Group - a manufacturer of commercial vehicles, etc. owned by Swedish interests.
Volvo Cars - a manufacturer of automobiles owned by Ford Motor Company, in its Premier Automotive Group (PAG).

Corporate history within Ford
Volvo Car Corporation is part of Ford Motor Company's Premier Automotive Group (PAG). It is the only brand left in the group since the sale of Jaguar, Aston Martin and Land Rover. Since its acquisition into the PAG, the company has grown in its range of vehicles.

Alternative propulsion
Volvo ReCharge plug-in hybrid concept car, with 60 miles of all-electric range (AER), has been unveiled officially at the 2007 Frankfurt Auto Show.

Sponsorship
Volvo entered the European Touring Car Championship with the Volvo 240 in the mid-80s. The cars also entered the Guia Race, part of the Macau Grand Prix in 1985, 1986 and 1987, winning in both 1985 and 1986.

Volvo also entered the British Touring Car Championship in the 90s with Tom Walkinshaw Racing. This partnership was responsible for the controversial 850 Estate racing car, which was only rendered uncompetitive when the FIA allowed the use of aerodynamic aids in 1995. TWR then built and ran the works 850 Saloon, six wins in 1995 and five wins in 1996, and S40, one wins in 1997 in the BTCC. In 1998, TWR Volvo won the British Touring Car Championship with Rickard Rydell driving the S40R.

The Volvo trademark is now jointly owned (50/50) by Volvo Group and Volvo Car Corporation. One of the main promotional activities for the brand is the sailing Race Volvo Ocean Race, formerly known as the Whitbread Around the World Race. There is also a Volvo Baltic Race and Volvo Pacific Race, and Volvo likes to encourage its affluent image by sponsoring golf tournaments all over the world including major championship events called the Volvo Masters and Volvo China Open.

Volvo sponsored the Volvo Ocean Race, the world’s leading round-the-world yacht race for the first time in 2001 – 2002. The current edition is taking place between October 4, 2008 and June 27, 2009. Volvo has also had a long-standing commitment to the ISAF and is involved in the Volvo/ISAF World Youth Sailing Championships since 1997.

Car models
Early years
Volvo ÖV 4, aka Jakob
Volvo PV (PV444 and PV544)
Volvo Snabbe
Volvo Trygge
Volvo Sugga (civilian (PV801, PV802, PV810, PV821, PV822 and PV831) and military (TP21/P2104, P2104))
Volvo Laplander (L-3304, L-3314, L-3314 and L-3315)
Volvo PV 36 Carioca
Volvo PV51
Volvo PV60
Volvo Duett
Volvo Amazon/Volvo 122
Volvo P1800
Volvo P1900
Volvo 66
Volvo C202
Volvo C3-series (C303, C304 and C306)

Tri-digit nomenclature
Starting with the 140 series in 1968, Volvo used a tri-digit system for their cars. The first number was the series, the second number the number of cylinders and the third number the number of doors; so a 164 was a 1-series with a 6-cylinder engine and 4 doors. However, there were exceptions to this rule—the 780 for example, came with turbocharged I4 and naturally-aspirated V6 petrol engines and I6 diesel engines, but never an eight cylinder as the 8 would suggest. Similarly, the 760 often was equipped with a turbocharged I4 engine and the Volvo 360 only had four cylinders. Some 240GLT had a V6 engine. The company dropped the meaning of the final digit for later cars like the 740, but the digit continued to identify cars underhood on the identification plate. Volvo Vehicle Identification Numbers (VIN codes) had always been given YV1 symbolizing Sweden, Volvo, and Volvo Car Corp

Volvo 140 (Volvo 142, Volvo 144, Volvo 145)
Volvo 164
Volvo 240 (Volvo 242, 244, 245)
Volvo 260 (Volvo 262C, 264, 265)
Volvo 340 (Volvo 343, 345)
Volvo 360
Volvo 440
Volvo 460
Volvo 480
Volvo 740
Volvo 760
Volvo 780
Volvo 850
Volvo 940
Volvo 960

Current models
Today, the company uses a system of letters denoting body style followed by the series number. S stands for saloon or sedan, C stands for coupé or convertible and V stands for versatile or estate car. XC stands for cross country originally added to a more rugged V70 model as the V70XC and indicates all wheel drive paired with a raised suspension to give it a mock SUV look. Volvo would later change the name to the XC70 in keeping with its car naming consistent with the XC90. So a V50 is an estate ("V") that is smaller than the V70.

Originally, Volvo was planning a different naming scheme. S and C were to be the same, but "F", standing for flexibility, was to be used on station wagons. When Volvo introduced the first generation S40 and V40 at Frankfurt in 1994, they were announced as the S4 and F4. However, Audi complained that it had inherent rights to the S4 name, since it names its sporty vehicles "S", and the yet-introduced sport version of the Audi A4 would have the S4 name. Volvo agreed to add a second digit, so the vehicles became the S40 and F40. However, that led to a complaint from Ferrari, who used the Ferrari F40 name on their legendary sports car. This led to Volvo switching the "F" to "V", for versatile.


1998 Volvo V70 wagonPre-Ford
Volvo S/V40 (M/Y 1996-2004)
Volvo S/V70 (M/Y 1997-2000)
Volvo C70 (M/Y 1997-2005)
S/V90 (M/Y 1991-1998)
Small cars (Volvo P1 platform)
Volvo C30 (M/Y 2007- )
Volvo C70 (M/Y 2005- )
Volvo S40 (M/Y 2004- )
Volvo V50 (M/Y 2004- )
Large cars (Volvo P2 platform)
Volvo S60 (M/Y 2001- )
Volvo S80 (M/Y 1999-2006)
Volvo V70 (M/Y 2000-2007)
Volvo XC70 (M/Y 2001-2007)
Volvo XC90 (M/Y 2003- )
Large Cars (Volvo Y2 platform)
Volvo S80 (M/Y 2007- )
Volvo V70 (M/Y 2008- )
Volvo XC60 (M/Y 2009- )
Volvo XC70 (M/Y 2008- )

Concept cars
Volvo Venus Bilo (1933)
Volvo Philip (1952)
Volvo Margarete Rose (1953)
Volvo Elisabeth I (1953)
Volvo VESC (1972)
Volvo 1800 ESC (1972)
Volvo EC (1977)
Volvo City Taxi (1977)
Volvo Tundra (1979)
Volvo VCC (1980)
Volvo LCP2000 (1983)
Volvo ECC (1992)
Volvo SCC (2001)
Volvo YCC (2004)
Volvo T6 (2005)
Volvo XC60 (2006)

Production locations
Gothenburg, Sweden (Volvo Car Corporation Headquarters and Safety Center)
Company Headquarters, Safety Center

Torslanda, Sweden (Volvo Torslanda Plant, Torslandaverken) 1964- Present
Volvo XC90, Volvo S80, Volvo V70, Volvo XC70
Uddevalla, Sweden 1989, since 2005 the factory is operated by Volvo Cars and Pininfarina Sverige AB
Volvo C70
Ghent, Belgium 1965-
Volvo S60, Volvo S40, Volvo V50, Volvo C30, Future plant for XC60 production
Skövde, Sweden (engines)
Floby, Sweden (Brakes)
Köping, Sweden (Transmissions developed with Getrag GmbH and AWD system development with Haldex Traction AB)
Olofström, Sweden (Body Components)
Assembly locations around the world:

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Swedish Motor Assemblies SDN BHD)
Bangkok, Thailand (Thai-Swedish Assembly Company Limited)
China (the Volvo S40 is produced in Ford's Chinese plant for the local market)
Volvo Cars have previously had production facilities on these locations:

Pretoria, South Africa (Production cancelled in 2006 due to disputes in trade agreements between the EU and South Africa as well as decreased demand).
Born, The Netherlands (NedCar, fka Volvo Car B.V.) (1972-2004)
Halifax, Canada
Kalmar, Sweden (1972-1994)

Engine types
Volvo uses in-line, or straight engines in their production vehicles. Volvo is also known for the application of the in-line 5-cylinder engine to its vehicle line up since its introduction in 1993 in the Volvo 850.

List of Volvo engines
Side valve six - fitted into the PV651/2, TR671/4, PV653/4, TR676/9, PV658/9, PV36, PV51/2, PV53/6, PV801/2, PV821/2, PV831/2 and PV60 from 1929 to 1958
B4B and B14A - fitted into the Volvo PV and Volvo Duett from 1947 to 1956
B16 (A and B) - fitted into the PV, Duett and Volvo Amazon from 1957 to 1960
B18 and B20 - 1.8 L/2.0 L OHV 8v fitted into all Volvo models from 1961 to 1974 except 164 (and 1975 U.S. Spec 240 models).
B19, B21, and B23 - fitted from 1975
B200 and B230 - 2.0 L and 2.3 L, respectively, SOHC 8v fitted to 240, 360, 700, 940 series cars from 1985
B204 and B234 - 2.0 L and 2.3 L DOHC 16 valve engines
B27/B28 and B280- 2.7 and 2.8 L SOHC 12v developed together with Renault and Peugeot
B30 - fitted to all 164 models

Sales
Volvo Cars sales during 2007 (2006).

By market
1. United States 106,125 (115,818)
2. Sweden 62,229 (55,455)
3. Germany 32,329 (35,626)
4. United Kingdom 30,003 (30,512)
5. Russia 21,077 (10,803)
6. Italy 20,290 (17,554)
7. Netherlands 20,253 (16,607)
8. Spain 18,400 (18,247)
9. Belgium 13,991 (11,844)
10. France 13,497 (10,726)
All markets: 458,323 (427,747)

By model
1. XC90 79,140
2. V70 69,067
3. S40 63,062
4. V50 62,348
5. C30 46,726
6. S80 41,839
7. S60 41,726
8. XC70 36,279
9. C70 17,415


Volvo Group's history
The Volvo Group has its origin in 1927 when the first Volvo car rolled off the production line at the factory in Göteborg. Only 297 cars were built that year. The first truck, the Series 1, debuted in January 1928. In 1930, Volvo sold 639 cars, and the export of trucks to Europe started soon after; the cars did not become well-known outside Sweden until after World War II.

Marine engines have been part of the Group almost as long as trucks. Pentaverken, founded in 1907, was acquired in 1935. As early as 1929, however, the U-21 outboard engine was introduced. Manufacturing continued until 1962.

The first bus, aptly-named B1, was launched in 1934, and aircraft engines were added to the growing range of products at the beginning of the 1940s.

On January 28, 1999 Volvo Group sold its business area Volvo Car Corporation to Ford Motor Company for US$6.45 billion, with the resulting group now largely set on commercial vehicles. On 2 January 2001, Renault V. I. (including Mack Trucks, but not Renault S. A.'s stake in Irisbus) was sold to Volvo, which renamed it Renault Trucks in 2002. As a result, the mother company Renault S. A. is AB Volvo's biggest shareholder, with a 20% stake, shares and voting rights.

The last ten years the company has undergone rapid growth in the service area with, for example, financial solutions supporting the sales of the manufacturing business units. In 2007 the Volvo Group acquired the truck division Nissan Diesel of Nissan Motors, to support its expansion in the Asian region.

Volvo Trademark Holding AB is equally owned by AB Volvo and Volvo Car Corporation.Volvo Annual Report 1999

The main activity of the company is to own, maintain, protect and preserve the Volvo trademarks (including Volvo, the Volvo device marks (Grille Slash & Iron Mark) Volvo Aero and Volvo Penta) on behalf of its owners and to license these rights to its owners. The day-to-day work is focused upon maintaining the global portfolio of trademark registrations and to extend sufficiently the scope of the registered protection for the VOLVO trademarks.

The main business is also to act against unauthorised registration and use (incl counterfeiting) of trademarks identical or similar to the VOLVO trademarks on a global basis.

The Volvo brand
Markus Brier, winner of the 2007 Volvo China OpenThe brand's [8] promotional strategies include the sailing race Volvo Ocean Race[1], formerly known as the Whitbread Around the World Race. Volvo likes to encourage its affluent image by sponsoring golf tournaments all over the world including major championship events called the Volvo Masters and Volvo China Open.

Volvo sponsored the Volvo Ocean Race, the world's leading round-the-world yacht race for the first time in 2001-2002. The current edition of the race started on June 27, 2000 in Alicante, Spain. Volvo has also had a long-standing commitment to the ISAF and is involved in the Volvo/ISAF World Youth Sailing Championships since 1997.

Volvo sponsors many polo matches in the town of Easthampton at the arrival of the summer season. The prince of Saudi Arabia often attends matches with his world-class horses.

Volvo Group also sponsored the Show Jumping World Cup from its inception in 1979 until 1999. The company also sponsors Culture, e g The Göteborg Opera, The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra.

Volvo companies
Companies in the Volvo Group are:
Volvo Trucks
Mack
Renault Trucks
Nissan Diesel Motor Co
Volvo Buses
Volvo Construction Equipment
Volvo Penta
Volvo Aero
Volvo Financial Services

Business units
The group companies are supported by a number of business units:
Volvo 3P
Volvo Powertrain
Volvo Parts
Volvo Logistics
Volvo Information Technology
Volvo Technology
Volvo Technology Transfer
Volvo Business Services
Volvo Treasury
Volvo Group Real Estate

Brands in the Volvo Group
Volvo
Mack Trucks
Renault Trucks
Nissan Diesel
Prevost Car
Nova Bus

Volvo Group's purchase of Renault Trucks and Mack Trucks in 2001 created Europe's largest and the world's second largest producer of heavy trucks with a broad product program. Mack is one of the most well known truck brands in North America while Renault Trucks holds a special position in Southern Europe[citation needed]. The Japanese Nissan Diesel marketing a wide range of light-, medium- and heavy-duty vehicles as well as buses and bus chassis, engines, vehicle components and special-purpose vehicles.

Prevost Car, owned by Volvo Bus Corporation, is the leading North American manufacturer of premium touring coaches and bus shells for high-end motorhomes and specialty conversions. Nova Bus, part of Prevost, stands as a North American leader in the design, production and marketing of urban transit buses.

External links
Volvo Group — Official website

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